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Periodontial disease is a bacterial infection of the gums that destroys tooth insertion fibres and the supporting bone keeping them fixed into the mouth.

The main cause of this disease is bacterial plaque: a sticky, colourless film being constantly formed on our teeth. The toxins produced by the bacteria in the plaque and the accumulation of tartar inflame the gums. As the disease progresses more tissue and bone is destroyed so that teeth, sometimes, loose and are lost. Some symptoms of the disease:

  • Bleeding when brushing or using dental floss.
  • Gums leaving tooth roots exposed.
  • Reddened, enlarged, easily mobile gums.
  • Mobile teeth which start to come off.
  • Pus between gum and tooth.
  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Changes in the biting pattern of the teeth.
  • Changes in the fixing of removable prosthesis.
  • Increase of space between teeth.
  • Sensitivity to cold, hot or sweet food or liquids.

It is also possible to have the periodontal disease without feeling any of these signs. This is why it is important to request a periodontal examination.

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